Founding Fathers and the true American Dream
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The metaphor we might consider is foreclosure: to preclude, to end possibilities; and in commercial terms, to block the possibility of redeeming a loan. Redemption becomes foreclosed, the dream is already lost behind Gatsby before he even tries to grasp it. The majesty of the dream means we cannot relinquish it, but its glory is so diminished that we are now blinded to what the dream really was, left only with dispossession — not only of very real American homes but also of the greater dreams they once symbolized, which Fitzgerald elsewhere describes as "an effort toward some commonweal, an effort difficult to estimate, so closely does it press against us still." Fitzgerald suggests in Gatsby that we keep thinking our dreams should be bigger, when in fact they need to be better. It's a lesson we have yet to learn, and the more we invoke what we think we mean by "the American dream," the more the dream recedes before us, just as Fitzgerald predicted it would.
American Dream Theme in The Great Gatsby - …
Today, the idea that the American dream has been replaced by an American nightmare has become the nation's favourite way to discuss widespread inequality and downward social mobility. But for Adams and his readers, the nightmare was what had come before: it was in the 1920s, Adams wrote, that "the American dream was changed into a nightmare of gambling and corruption and mad spending." Then the crash had come, but what had Americans learned? The nation had since passed through "three emotional states": bewilderment, fear, and resentment, "directed against the bankers and other leaders who have betrayed their trust." It surely must come as news to us today that in the 1930s most Americans were assumed to agree that the American dream was opposed to the accumulation of vast fortunes.
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The American dream is an idea that if you work hard, you can rise from “rags to riches” and live a wealthy and prosperous life with moral values of respect and integrity.