Thomas Harriot, (London, 1590).

wrote "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" while on a train ride to Mexico, where he would live with his father for one year. He had just graduated from high school in , Ohio, making him a mere eighteen years old. The poem was published in Magazine (the magazine of the ) in 1921, a year later. When his train crossed the Mississippi River, Hughes was inspired by its beauty and was also reminded of its role in sustaining slavery in America. The sun was setting, and Hughes had a long journey ahead of him. He took out a letter his father had written him and wrote this poem on the back of its pages.

"The Negro Speaks of Rivers" is one of Hughes’s most famous works, as it celebrated the voice and the soul of the black community in a time of great racial intolerance, injustice, and inequality in America. Hughes helped to inspire and unite the black community when their voice was not appreciated by a predominantly white society, and as a result, he became the unofficial poet laureate of the . The Harlem Renaissance was a movement during the 1920s and 1930s in America in which black artists, activists, writers, musicians, and performers found new ways to explore and celebrate the black experience. While the movement’s epicenter was in , New York, cities all across the country became hubs of the renaissance.

A few years after its publication, Hughes chose to dedicate "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" to , one of the most brilliant scholars, educators, civil rights activists, writers, and thinkers of all time. DuBois founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (the NAACP), and Magazine. He fought tirelessly for racial equality in America, and Hughes followed in his footsteps.

"The Negro Speaks of Rivers" connects the soul and heritage of the African-American community to four great rivers in the Middle East, Africa, and America. In this way, the poem charts the journey of African and African-Americans and links this community to the birth of civilization. The speaker tells the tale of freedom and enslavement that his people have endured, and it heralds their wisdom and strength.

You've been inactive for a while, logging you out in a few seconds...

Gleach, Frederic W.  Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.

You've been inactive for a while, logging you out in a few seconds...

Bonenfant, Richard J. "A Comparative Study of Near-Death Experience and Non-Near-Death Experience Outcomes in 56 Survivors of Clinical Death." . Vol. 22, No. 3 (Spring 2004): 155-178.

Most settlements were built along major rivers.

Benson, Herbert, Jeffery A. Dusek, Jane B. Sherwood, Peter Lam, Charles F. Bethea, William Carpenter, Sidney Levitsky, Peter C. Hill, Donald W. Clem Jr., Manoj K. Jain, David Drumel, Stephen L. Kopecky, Paul S. Mueller, Dean Marek, Sue Rollins, and Patricia L. Hibberd. "." . Vol. 151, No. 4 (April 2006): 934-942.

Kupperman, Karen Ordahl.  Ithaca, New York and London: Cornell University Press, 2000.

One hundred whip-smart wisecracks

Greyson, Bruce, Janice M. Holden, and J. Paul Mounsey. "Failure to Elicit Near-Death Experiences in Induced Cardiac Arrest." . Vol. 25, No. 2 (Winter 2006): 85-98.

Ribokas, (2) , (3) from , (4) by J.

Greyson, Bruce. "Near-Death Experiences." In , ed. Etzel Cardeña, Steven Jay Lynn, and Stanley Krippner. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2000: 315-352.

Rountree, Helen C., ed.  Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, 1993.

You can continue on to the intermediate level and more.

The Fenwicks speculate that the answer may be that we cannot psychologically form an image of our own deaths. This may be why we never 'die' in our dreams, for example (111). But the explanation that NDEs are literally glimpses of an afterlife is flatly inconsistent with features of some of the very NDEs that the Fenwicks have found. A better answer than either of these possibilities, however, is that some NDErs crossed a divide thought to be a point of no return, or otherwise decided to stay in the 'NDE world' when given a choice, and yet still returned to life.

Virginia Company, "Instructions Given by way of Advice," in Barbour, ed.,  I:50.

Depict the history and importance of the river in your mural.

Could Pam have heard the intraoperative conversation and then used this to reconstruct an out-of-body experience? At the beginning of the procedure, molded ear speakers were placed in each ear as a test for auditory and brain-stem reflexes. These speakers occlude the ear canals and altogether eliminate the possibility of physical hearing (Sabom, "Light" 184).

Serving: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Pacific Islands, Tribal Nations

It flows through the heart of India into the Bay of Bengal.

Holden, Janice M. "More Things in Heaven and Earth: A Response to 'Near-Death Experiences with Hallucinatory Features'." . Vol. 26, No. 1 (Fall 2007): 33-42.