The Matter of Images: Essays on Representations ..

A coach embedded into a learning environment designed to teach students about states of matter asked students, "What is the process of sublimation?"

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THE matter of images essays on representation pdf …

No-one could seriously doubt that Wittgenstein himself recognized theexperiential reality and philosophical importance of imagery: he expends so much effort wrestling with the concept. Nevertheless, as Nyíri (2001) remarks, “Wittgenstein's untiring endeavor [is] to relegate mental images to a merely secondary place.” Hedeterminedly rejected the traditional empiricist view that thinking is primarily a play of images, that language is semantically groundedin imagery, and that the principal role of language is to communicatethe results of our inner, imaginal thought processes to others. Instead, Wittgenstein regarded language itself as the preeminent vehicle of thought, and he held that the meanings of linguistic expressions arise from the various uses to which they are put. He thus saw no need (and no room) for language to be semantically grounded in any other form of representation. In supportof this position, he strove to show that imagery (the only real candidate for the job) could not possibly be the semantic ground of language, and he is very widely believed to have succeeded.

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This work of Titchener's (like other responses to the imageless thought controversy from America, Britain, and elsewhere) had relatively little impact in Germany, which, with some justification at that time, still regarded itself as very much preeminent in psychological science. Nevertheless, on both sides of the Atlantic the controversy was recognized as touching on deep foundational issues in the science of mind. Although largely forgotten today, it seems to have had a lasting impact on the development not only of psychology, but philosophy as well. The Würzburg school's claims, despite their shaky basis, undoubtedly contributed to a sensethat imagery could not be so psychologically important as had traditionally been assumed, and that an alternative way of thinking about cognitive content was needed. Many psychologists and philosophers of this era came, partly for this reason, to feel that thought should be understood in terms of language per se, and that it was a serious mistake ever to have believed that the representational power of language derives from some more fundamentalform of representation, such as mental imagery.[]

Dec 02, 2014 · The matter of images essays on representation ..

A subway-style diagram of the major Roman roads..

But, in order to show this, Bergson starts with a hypothesis that allwe sense are images. Now we can see the basis of Bergson's use ofimages in his method of intuition. He is re-stating the problem ofperception in terms of images because it seems to be an intermediateposition between realism and idealism (Matter and Memory, p. 26).Bergson is employing the concept of image to dispel the false belief— central to realism and materialism — that matter is athing that possesses a hidden power able to produce representations inus. There is no hidden power in matter; matter is onlyimages. Bergson, however, not only criticizes materialism (its theoryof hidden powers), but also idealism insofar as idealism attempts toreduce matter to the representation we have of it. For Bergson, imagediffers from representation, but it does not differ in nature fromrepresentation since Bergson's criticism of materialism consists inshowing that matter does not differ in nature from representation. ForBergson, the image is less than a thing but more than arepresentation. The “more” and the “less”indicates that representation differs from the image by degree. Italso indicates that perception is continuous with images ofmatter. Through the hypothesis of the image, Bergson is re-attachingperception to the real.

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Matter of Images: Essays on Representation.

Kosslyn also demonstrated that the subjective sizes of visual mental images (and the relative sizes of their sub-parts) measurably affect the times it takes to inspect and report on particular details of imagined objects. The presence of larger features of an object could be reported more quickly (from an image of the object) than smaller features. As this size-time relation, did not appear unless the subjects used imagery to do the task (i.e., to confirm that some named object type has some particular feature or sub-part), these experiments provided further evidence for the notion that imagery is a sui generis form of mental representation, with distinct properties from linguistic or purely conceptual representations (Kosslyn, 1975, 1976a, 1976b, 1980).

18/10/2013 · The Matter Of Images Essays On Representation

coincidence | The Grammar of Matter

The student's multimedia presentation on climate change impressed her audience; her peers and her teacher were highly engaged by her use of graphics, video, and audio clips.

Both Plato and Aristotle saw in mimesis the representation of nature

The teacher used multiple means of action and expression to assess what students had learned during the unit on the nervous system; students had the option of creating a diagram, an animation, a magazine article, or a poster.