a)Examine whatTheists mean by the problem of Evil (6)

Augustine's view becomes even more complicated, however, due totheological and doctrinal concerns. While the issue of predestinationis not invoked in the discussion of divine foreknowledge and humanfreedom at De Civitate Dei V.9–10 [see Rist 1994, pp.268–9], significant developments take place between the timeAugustine composes De Libero Arbitrio III (circa 395 C.E.)and De Civitate Dei V (circa 415 C.E.). In particular, thereare two events that have a momentous impact upon Augustine's work inthe late 390's until his death in 430. The first is his increasingfamiliarity with scripture and the resulting modification of hisearlier, Neoplatonizing views in light of what he finds in thosetexts. Pivotal in this regard is Ad Simplicianum (396 C.E.),wherein he focuses on a number of scriptural passages and begins toformulate his views on the universality of original sin and thenecessity of grace to overcome its effects [see Bonner 1972, pp.15–18 and Babcock 1979, pp. 65–67]. The second set ofevents center on his involvement in the Pelagian controversy, whichoccupied him from roughly 411 until his death in 430. Under thepressures of this controversy and in conjunction with hisinterpretation of scriptural and especially Pauline views on originalsin and grace, the intellectualistic optimism of his earlier work wasgradually transformed into an exceedingly grim view of the human morallandscape.

Throughout history man has had to struggle with the problem of evil.

The modern bibliography of secondary literature on Augustine's thoughtand writing is immense.

Augustine and the Problem of Evil from a Christian Basis Essay

Moral evil encompasses all the ills resulting from human action, whether intentional or through negligence; natural evil included all evils not caused or permitted by human beings.

Augustine and Christian Platonism"

Whereas moral evil such as abortion, murder, terrorism, or theft comes from humans acting immorally, natural evil, in the form of suffering caused by earthquakes like the Haitian’s, hurricanes such as Katrina, wild forest fires or diseases such as HIV/AIDS, re...

I will try to answer the problem of evil with regards to the problem of heaven and hell....

First of all, how does one define evil.

One of the more famous Christian inspirational quotes which has become popular on the internet is attributed to Augustine and runs as follows (with slight

8. Augustine, On Free Choice of the Will.

Nor does he go down the path of , looking for non-physical substances, dualist forms of agency, or simply identifying freedom with Epicurean , as have many scientists with ideas of to help with the "origination" of actions and decisions.

Saying we have evil in this world is just like saying we have bad decisions in this world.

Riker,"Concupiscence in Augustine and Aquinas"

These important qualifications notwithstanding, the fact remains thatthis Platonism also provided Augustine with a philosophical frameworkfar more pliable and enduring than he himself is willing to admit inhis later works. Moreover, this framework itself forms an importantpart of the philosophical legacy that Augustine bequeathed to both themedieval and modern periods.

Every decision that God makes is a good decision therefore God cannot do evil.

Against this is the observation that people and animals suffer evil.

Will we take a lifetime of learning through all that God has led us and bury it in the sand when the witness of God’s powerful work among us so desperately needs to be heard? Will we hide behind the fear of not wanting to get involved, not wanting to have people disagree with us or hurting our reputation? Will we yield to the resignation that our one voice will make no difference? Or will we choose to speak boldly on behalf of our children, our grandchildren and the Lord we love and serve?

Television and newspapers display the works and consequences of evil forces everyday.

There are many different ways that both good and evil can be shown.

By common sense, we would infer from this observation that God, as conceived in this tradition, does not exist - for, if He did, He would prevent the evil....