The Rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire - Essay Example
The Spread of Christianity - Christianity in the Roman Empire
life is the great object of religion, we may hear withoutsurprise or scandal that the introduction, or least the abuse, ofChristianity had some influence on the decline and fall of theRoman empire.
Christianity and the Decline of the Roman Empire.
Although in the first few centuries AD Christians were prosecuted and punished, often with death, there were also periods when they were more secure. Secondly, the rise of Christianity to imperial-sponsored dominance in the fourth and fifth centuries, although surprising, was not without precedent, and its spread hardly as inexorable as contemporary Christians portrayed it.
Roman Decadence, Rome and Romania, and the …
Constantine, who succeeded Diocletian in 3o6,reigned until 327, and Shapur II (309-370), who had become king ofPersia, observing the many difficulties gathering around Rome, in 359invaded Mesopotamia and besieged Amida, which he took after a longsiege. It was inevitable for Rome to interfere again, more especiallybecause repeated efforts had been made to capture the great frontierfortress of Nisibis. In 362, the Emperor Julian, at the head of a largearmy, invaded Persia, but this enterprise turned out ill; he himselfwas slain, his army was defeated, and it was only with great difficultythat his successor jovian rescued its remnants. After this disaster theRomans were compelled to purchase peace on very unfavourable terms, andthe five provinces ceded to Rome in 298 had to be restored.
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So far the diffusion of Hellenism was the workof the Seleucids, then of the Romans. Now a new factor appears. In thefourth century the eastward spread of Hellenism became the deliberatetask of the Christian Church, which at that time identified itself withthe Roman Empire. From this point the political history of Rome may belaid aside and attention concentrated on the outspread of Christianity.