Prize essay: Kästner , Professor of Mathematics in Leipzig.
Prize essay: Le Cat, doctor of Medicine und Surgery in Rouen.
Kant prepared an essay on this question, but did not submit it. Schwab received one-half of the prize money, and Reinhold and Abicht each received one-fourth. This question was first formulated in the academy on 24 January 1788, to be publicly announced the following year, but in fact was not announced until 1790, with 1 January 1792 as the deadline for submissions. Schwab’s essay was the only entry received, however, so the deadline was extended to 1 June 1795, resulting in over thirty submissions.
Prize essay: A. F. Reinhard, Justizrath des Herzogs von Strelitz:
Prize essay: Johann Christoph Schwab of Stuttgart, with second place shared by Karl Leonhard Reinhold of Kiel and Johann Heinrich Abicht of Erlangen; the three essays were published in 1796 (Berlin: Friedrich Maurer).
Prize essay: Eberhard , Pastor in Charlottenburg.
Prizes up to a total of $5900* will be awarded to high school students whose entries best promote the humane treatment of animals, including:*We reserve the right to adjust the number of prizes and the amounts of the prizes based on the entries received.
Prize essay: Pap de Fagaras, reformed pastor in Transylvania.
Prize essay: This was put off until 1801. It drew many submissions, and the opposing essays by Bendavid of Berlin and Degenerando of Paris were given the prize.
Prize essay: Herder, Generalsuperintendent in Weimar.
The prize was split between one essay in the affirmative (de Castillon) and one in the negative (Becker). Forty-two essays were submitted; of these, five were disqualified because they arrived late, and four were disqualified because their authors had revealed their identity in the essay. Of the remaining thirty-three essays, twenty answered the question negatively and thirteen positively. Eleven were designated as “good”: four of the negative, and seven of the affirmative essays. Nine received the (three negative, and six positive).