In short quotations, the punctuation goes after the citation.

If the quotation goes on where your sentence ends, you can mark the missing material with 4 spaced periods, the first following the last word of the quotation with no space:

There are at least four ways to integrate quotations.

Quotes - Direct quotes from leading experts that support your position are invaluable.

Use the menu below to learn more about quoting and paraphrasing.

Note: Each citation style, like MLA or APA, has its own rules for using other punctuation with quotation marks. Check a style guide to see how to punctuate quotes properly in your discipline.

John said, “I would like to have my order sometime today.”

Question marks and exclamation points go inside or outside the closing quotation marks, depending on whether they are part of your sentence or the quoted sentence:

Examples - Examples enhance your meaning and make your ideas concrete. They are the proof.

Quoting Whole Sentences | Essay Writing for LPS

Says: Quoting a person with whom you enjoy a close relationship is generally preferable to quoting a famous source. This passage’s strength comes from the brief, understated role that the quote plays. The short statement introduces the rest of the paragraph and presents the fundamental point, and then the essay moves on to examine specific details. This is the ideal role of a quotation.

Sample essay - Monash University

Include the author’s last name and exact page number of the quote in the parentheses. If you happen to be quoting from two works by the same author (or you have two authors with the same last name), use a shortened form of the title and the page number. EX: (Updike 827); (“A Good Man” 903)

Essay topics - Monash University

Within a single paragraph, if all quoted material comes from the same source, use the author’s last name in parentheses after the first quote. Thereafter (within that paragraph), use only the page numbers. (Welty 1000); (1004)

Example: Thoreau ends his essay with a metaphor: "Time is but the stream I go a-fishing in."

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A quotation is an exact reproduction of another speaker's or writer’s words. A quotation is different from a paraphrase, which is a restatement of someone else’s ideas entirely in your own words. Quotation and paraphrase, along with summary (which is a brief restatement of the main points of a longer work), are three ways of incorporating information from other sources into your own writing.

Example: Thoreau asks, "Why should we live with such hurry and waste of life?"

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These rules oversimplify the use of punctuation with quotations, but applying just these few rules should help you use the correct punctuation about 90 percent of time.

Example: According to Thoreau, "We do not ride on the railroad; it rides upon us."

Summarise the entire passage Notes

Now it’s your turn. Select one of the above styles (or make up your own) and try to write an introduction to your essay. Spend some time picking the right style and choosing the best words possible.