Population Explosion And Its Solution ~ Essays for U
The Tragedy of the Commons, by Garrett Hardin (1968)
The pollution problem is a consequence of population. It didnot much matter how a lonely American frontiersman disposed ofhis waste. "Flowing water purifies itself every tenmiles," my grandfather used to say, and the myth was nearenough to the truth when he was a boy, for there were not toomany people. But as population became denser, the naturalchemical and biological recycling processes became overloaded,calling for a redefinition of property rights.
Thomas Robert Malthus - Wikipedia
Overpopulation does pose some negative environmental problems, but it is far from being a major driving force in environmental degradation. The reason is simple: environmental degradation does not depend on the number of resource users (the population) but in the amount of resources used in total. Under this light, excessive consumption – not overpopulation – becomes the threat. Thus, it is possible that country like the United States, which has a mere 5% of the world population, can consume 25% of the world’s resources and be the major contributor of global warming gases worldwide. The implications of this are far reaching, since it means that a country like the US need not cut back on its population growth, but rather cut back on consumption and resource use.