The most obvious symbol is, of course, the raven itself.

My own criterion for an authentic detective story is on record, and I don't intend to abandon it: 'A detective story, within the meaning of the act, must be mainly or largely occupied with detection and should contain a proper detective, whether amateur or professional'.

Quoth the Parrot, "Nevermore?"

The text may not bepublished, on the Internet, or elsewhere, without the author's permission.

Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)

All of the and originally appeared in magazine, copies of which are exhibited. was omitted from the English edition of when the tales were gathered into book form on the ground that it involved an illicit love affair. Harper's, however, did not know of this and included it in their first issue. "As soon as this was discovered by Doyle he must have protested, because Harper's immediately issued a new edition (with "New and Revised Edition" on the title page) and very possibly suppressed or withdrew the first."—Scribner Holmes catalogue.

Why did the raven decide to perch on the goddess of wisdom?

Sherlock returns from his wanderings in Tibet and elsewhere in the guise of a second-hand book dealer in the first tale, . "A poor bibliophile who, either as a trade or a hobby was a collector of obscure volumes," Watson surmises. It was a perfect role for Holmes who was indeed an ardent collector as evidenced in where we are assured that he "was never so formidable as when, for days on end, he had been lounging in his armchair amid his black-letter editions."

"Is there balm in Gilead?" - "Nevermore." Can Lenore be found in paradise?

Lilly Library call number: PS2617 .A1 1843 vault

The only detective story by the author of "The Sword in the Stone," etc. Almost unknown, or at least not mentioned by any authorities we have consulted.

Lilly Library call number: PS2618 .M99 1842

This famous yarn, not really a detective story, begins: "It was not until several weeks after he had decided to murder his wife that Dr. Bickleigh took any active steps in the matter. Murder is a serious business. The least step may be disastrous. Dr. Bickleigh had no intention of risking disaster." Take it from there! The first "Francis Iles" work. Also exhibited, .

Lilly Library call number: PS2618 .P9 1845

The poet's first detective novel, a prep school yarn. "From the year of his marriage (1928) until 1935 he taught in several schools to support his growing family. This, however, did not give him the leisure he desired for his poetry and he turned to writing detective stories under the "Blake" nom de guerre for the frank purpose of supplementing his income. This attempt was so successful financially that he was soon able to give up teaching altogether."—Haycraft. But not poetry.

An Exhibition Held at The Lilly Library Indiana University Bloomington July-September, 1973

Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1998 (second printing).

"His single, superb [detective] novel will live as long as detective stories are read and enjoyed. Numberless grateful readers will agree with the jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes' verdict, at ninety-two, The best there is'."—Haycraft.

The midnight in December, might very well be New Year’s eve, a date most of us connect with change.

Lit2Go: The Works of Edgar Allan Poe

In common with all the world, we have been much delighted with "The Shepherd's Hunting" by Withers—a poem partaking, in a remarkable degree, of the peculiarities of "Il Penseroso." Speaking of Poesy the author says:

A seraphim is one of the six-winged angels standing in the presence of God.

Lilly Library call number: PS2617 .A1 1841

"Often the very writers who can invent the best detective puzzles are those who invent the most intolerable detective heroes. Think of all ... those Scotland Yard policemen who are married to lady artists! I must confess a weakness for Mr. Day Lewis's Nigel Strangeways, because some of his habits were taken from mine."— W. H. Auden, "Detective Fiction."