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An Essay On The Bombing Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki, Dissertat
While Stimson was reluctant to bomb cities, the Manhattan Project was developing bombs for dropping on cities. Hiroshima was bombed because it would make a showcase for the bomb's devastating power. Hiroshima was one of the few Japanese cities not yet reduced to rubble, precisely because it was of little military significance. The planners wanted to bomb cities that were relatively intact, which was why they chose Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Declassified files have shown that the initial criteria for selecting the atomic bomb targets were:
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The bureaucratic momentum reason is one of the more sickening, and the logic was that since the USA invested $2 billion in 1945 dollars into making the bombs, they had better get a "return on investment" for them, which I suppose was an understandable sentiment in a nation that was the heart of capitalism and about to as history's richest and most powerful society. Even more grotesque speculation regarding that reason has been that two different bombs were used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, with the simple uranium bomb on Hiroshima and the complex plutonium bomb on Nagasaki, so the two primary bomb-building operations had their costs justified. The other reasons are only slightly less agonizing to explore.