The Game-Changing New Electronic Resource for APA Style

Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).

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750 First St. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242

No DOI? Find the journal's homepage.
Do a Web search to find the address of the homepage of the journal that published the article and include it in your citation. Please be aware, however, that the full text of articles may not actually be available at the journal homepage.

750 First St. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242

Cannot find the journal's homepage?
In this case, do a Web search for the name of the database you are using (for example, "JSTOR" or "Business Source Complete") and use the address of its homepage.

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Example:Reference List Citation

The page number of a newspaper article is preceded by "p." in a reference list citation. When an article appears on multiple pages, the page range is preceded by "pp." (for example, ""). When an article appears on discontinuous pages, separate the page numbers with a comma (ex. ""). When a newspaper uses section letters in its page numbers, these should be included in your citation (ex. "", "").

Kelley, P. C., & Chang, P. L. (2007).

Cannot find the magazine's homepage?
In this case, do a Web search (using a search engine such as Google or Yahoo!) for the name of the database you are using (for example, "JSTOR" or "Business Source Complete") and use the address of its homepage.

Example:Reference List Citation

However, the APA Style Guide to Electronic References (2012, p. 5) notes that it is still acceptable to use the older style of DOI format in a citation, for example:

Further examples and explanations are available in Section 6.03 of the .

Smith (2004, p. 39) claims that...

Hughes, J. C., Brestan, E. V., & Valle, L. A. (2004). Problem-solving interactions between mothers and children. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 26(1), 1-16.

Postman, N. (1979). Teaching as a conserving activity. New York, NY: Delacorte Press.

An online article with no page numbers.

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McLuhan, M. (1970a). Culture is our business. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

With author's name and screen name

No DOI? Find the publisher's homepage.
Do a Web search (using a search engine such as Google or Yahoo!) to find the address of the homepage of the journal that published the article and include it in your citation. Please be aware, however, that the full text of encyclopedia may not actually be available at the publisher's homepage.